2013年08月01日

1. Its Birth

千里ニュータウンとは

1. Its Birth





Pursuit of a livable town

Following World War II, the Japanese who had been living in its then colonies returned to Japan where many houses had been lost during the war. In addition, as the country began to show rapid economic growth and industrialization in around 1955, a massive population began flooding into large cities in search of work. This created serious problems of overcrowding and lack of privacy as people were obliged to live in small dwellings together with large families. From the point of view of urban planning, suburban sprawl could not be left uncontrolled either.

The Osaka Prefectural Government decided on a policy to construct over one million dwelling units. As part of the priority measures, it launched the Senri New Town project on the Senri Hills in the northern part of the prefecture, in order to create a good living environment through the provision of a large number of low cost quality dwellings and housing sites. This was the first large-scale new town project in Japan.

Japan’s first large-scale new town project

Following a preparatory study beginning in about 1956, implementation of this project was approved in 1958. The master plan, initially based on 2,500 hectares, was revised to 1,160 hectares for the final plan in 1960, in accordance with the prefectural finances. The construction began in 1961 and the first residents moved into the Satakedai unit in 1962. Meanwhile, legislation concerning the development of new towns was introduced.

Location
Suita City and Toyonaka City, Osaka Prefecture
Operating body
Public Enterprise Bureau, Osaka Prefectural Government
Developed area
1,160ha
Planned population
150,000
Number of dwellings
37,330
District/Neighborhood unit
Suita City: 2 districts/8 neighborhood units
Toyonaka City: 1 district/4 neighborhood units
District size per city
Suita City: 791 ha/approx. 100,000 residents
Toyonaka City: 369 ha/approx. 50,000 residents

Photo courtesy of the Osaka Prefectural Government

→2.Planning



同じカテゴリー(What is Senri New Town? )の記事画像
2. Planning
3. Transition
4. Regeneration
History
Map
Photo gallery
同じカテゴリー(What is Senri New Town? )の記事
 2. Planning (2013-08-01 13:23)
 3. Transition (2013-08-01 13:23)
 4. Regeneration (2013-08-01 13:23)
 History (2013-08-01 13:22)
 Map (2013-08-01 13:22)
 Photo gallery (2013-08-01 13:21)

Posted by 千里ニュータウンまちびらき50年 at 13:24 │What is Senri New Town?