2013年08月01日

3. Transition

千里ニュータウンとは

3. Transition

History unique to the new town

ニュータウン特有の足跡 The construction of Senri New Town took only eight years amid the rapid economic growth period from 1962 to 1970, and following its completion, similar young nuclear families moved in. Simultaneously with its completion, the year 1970 saw Expo '70 held on a neighboring site, while the transportation and environment in this area was improved, making the name Senri very famous. Many more new towns were constructed throughout Japan based on the model of Senri New Town.

Senri New Town was thus loved by most of its residents who continued to live there without moving elsewhere, despite the limited space of each dwelling. This however resulted in a successive polarization of the original residents’ generation. In the early years, with a rapid increase in the child population, there was a shortage of schools, and when this stage was over, the grown up second generation moved out while their parents stayed. As a result, vacancies in school classrooms increased while the improvement of facilities for the elderly became imperative. Although such generational polarization is a unique phenomenon of Japanese new towns overall, it was particularly evident in Senri New Town. This is because the construction of new towns following Senri New Town slowed down during the oil-shock period in the 1970s, which contributed to a leveling out of the generation of new residents.

Population

Since its peak of approximately 130,000 in 1975, the population of Senri New Town continued to decrease and was less than 90,000 at the time of the national census in 2005. The number of households has remained more or less unchanged since 1980, while the number per household has decreased. The aging rate began to soar in about 1990 and reached 30% in 2011, higher than the entire Osaka Prefecture average.

Sources: The national census, and materials prepared by the Senri New Town Regeneration Liaison Council for the “1st Study Committee for Regeneration of Senri New Town”
Housing

Many of the original detached houses were rebuilt at about the time of the so-called bubble economy in the late 1980s. The collective housing began its rebuilding when some of the company housing units were sold following the collapse of the bubble economy, and became private condominiums. From 2005 onwards, major rebuilding rapidly increased in both housing for sale and rent.

Commerce

商業As many residents started to drive to large outside shopping facilities, the hollowing-out phenomenon advanced especially in the Neighborhood Centers, resulting in the withdrawal of their key retail shops and an increase in the number of vacant stores.

Photos courtesy of the Osaka Prefectural Government, etc.

→ 4. Regeneration



同じカテゴリー(What is Senri New Town? )の記事画像
1. Its Birth
2. Planning
4. Regeneration
History
Map
Photo gallery
同じカテゴリー(What is Senri New Town? )の記事
 1. Its Birth (2013-08-01 13:24)
 2. Planning (2013-08-01 13:23)
 4. Regeneration (2013-08-01 13:23)
 History (2013-08-01 13:22)
 Map (2013-08-01 13:22)
 Photo gallery (2013-08-01 13:21)

Posted by 千里ニュータウンまちびらき50年 at 13:23 │What is Senri New Town?